Low birth weight and stunting are often accompanied by inactivity and this is a problem that many mothers feel helpless. This is also a manifestation of serious malnutrition in preschool children. If any mother has a child in this situation, please read today’s article on Brighton, we will have the best solutions to help your baby grow most healthily.
Manifestations of underweight children stunted and lazy
Children with low birth weight and stunting are children whose height and weight are lower than that of children of the same age. If assessed according to the 2006 WHO growth standards, a Zscore score below 2 standard deviations (<-2SD) is considered undernourished.
If the weight for age is <-2SD, the child is considered underweight.
If height for age <-2SD, it means stunting.
Children with low birth weight and stunting often have the common symptoms of anorexia, eating less, and having a thin appearance because the body does not absorb enough necessary nutrients.
2. Causes of low birth weight children stunting
Some of the causes of underweight stunting can be listed as follows:
- Children with improper nutrition
- Children are not guaranteed body hygiene and living environment
- Children with infectious diseases cause the body to expend more energy and nutrients to fight diseases, causing weight loss and growth retardation.
Some other risks can be mentioned such as The mother being stunted, premature birth, twins, family economic difficulties, and poor medical conditions …
3. What are the consequences for low birth weight children?
Serious consequences, directly affecting the future development of children can be listed as follows:
- Mental retardation, inefficient brain function, difficulty absorbing knowledge like normal friends
- Stunted as an adult, losing in stature compared to peers.\
- Decreased immunity, susceptibility to many diseases, and high risk of death.
- When an adult girl has difficulty giving birth, the risk of giving birth is stunted
- Impact on study and work
- Affecting the future development of the country.
4. 9 ways to prevent and treat low birth weight and stunting children
Underweight stunting is completely preventable and treatable. Parents need to actively do the following.
4.1. Breastfeed your baby for at least the first 6 months
Breast milk is considered the most suitable source of nutrients for infants thanks to its ability to adjust nutritional components to suit each stage of the child’s development.
This is the optimal source of nutrients, the easiest to absorb, and has the richest nutritional composition.
Mothers should try to breastfeed their babies for at least the first 6 months of life and should only use formulas when there is no other way.
4.2. Make sure you have enough energy for one day (kcal)
Your baby’s energy needs will increase with age, specifically as follows:
Children under 1 year old need from 100-200 Kcal/Kg/day.
For older children: 1000 Kcal + 100 x age. (where X is the age of the child).
During the golden period of brain development and height for children, parents need to pay special attention to nutrition sources. Make sure your child has the best development conditions.
4.3. Supplement 8 important nutrients with each meal for children
Not only need enough calories, but parents also need to take into account the quality of nutrition. According to nutritionists, your child’s diet should include:
- Protein: Protein acts as the main building block of the body, stimulates the immune system of the child’s body, provides energy, and creates new cells…
- Fat: In addition to providing energy, fat can also neutralize fat-soluble vitamins such as Vitamins A, D, E, K…
- Iron: Iron participates in the production of red blood cells – helps transport oxygen from the lungs to the organs, participates in the structure of many enzymes – helps children strengthen their immune systems.
- Zinc: Zinc can be an antioxidant, fight against damage caused by infections and toxins, help wounds heal faster, and help children develop height, muscles, and nerves…
- Vitamin A: Vitamin A plays an important role in the growth of children. Without Vitamin A, children often suffer from growth retardation, stunting, malnutrition, poor vision, night blindness, and even blindness.
- Calcium: Calcium is the main building block of bones. Lack of calcium, children will have growth retardation, rickets, bone deformities, and short stature, growth retardation…
- Vitamin D: This vitamin is directly involved in the absorption of Calcium and Phosphorus in the intestines and kidneys.
- Vitamin C: Vitamin C is involved in tissue growth, helping wounds heal. This is also an important oxidant, which can protect children from many dangerous diseases later in life.
4.4. Supplementing milk for stunted malnourished children
If the child shows signs of anorexia, low birth weight, and stunting, parents can give their children more milk for stunted and anorexic children.
With concentrated nutrient content, these products will help children quickly regain their healthy bodies.
However, the choice of type of milk needs to be carefully considered to be optimally compatible with the child’s absorption.
4.5. Ensure a clean and cool living environment for your children
A fresh, clean, sunny living environment… will reduce the rate of minor illnesses, and create conditions for children to be active and develop physically.
Besides, being exposed to sunlight will help the child’s body synthesize more Vitamin D – a vitamin that is essential in the development of skeletal muscles in particular, avoiding the situation of children being underweight and stunted.
4.6. Encourage your child to be active and do sports regularly
For children to be active, gentle exercise will help their circulatory system work better, the body will absorb nutrients from food more effectively, thereby developing healthier.
4.7. Make sure your child sleeps early and gets enough sleep
When sleeping deeply, the brain will secrete a lot of growth hormones to help children increase height effectively. Deep sleep usually begins about 1 to 2 hours after the child falls asleep, so parents should put the baby to sleep before 10 pm, ensuring 8 hours a day. Babies and young children need longer sleep, averaging about 12 to 14 hours a day.
4.8. Supplementing functional foods for underweight and stunted children
In addition to main meals and nutritious milk, parents should consider supplementing with functional foods containing Nano Calcium, Vitamin D3, and MK7.
- Nano calcium is a form of calcium that has been nanoscaled, creating microscopic molecules, so it is easy to absorb into the body.
- Vitamin D3 helps the body increase calcium absorption in the intestines.
- MK7 helps transport calcium from the blood to the bones, making bones strong and developing better height.
When combined, this trio can make calcium absorption efficiency up to 99%, clearly overcoming weak bones and stunted children.
Currently, there are many ways for parents to supplement this trio of substances for their children. Which, Vipteen and Pre-Vipteen 2 and Pre-Vipteen 3 products are popular choices, recommended by many doctors and nutritionists.
Pre-Vipteen 2 and 3 are suitable for children aged 6 months and up. Pre-Vipteen 2 helps children grow in height and reduce minor illnesses, while Pre-Vipteen 3 is more about height development and brain and visual development.
Vip teen for children 10 years and older, helping children not to be stunted and supporting children to reach their maximum potential for height growth during the extremely important period of puberty.
Depending on the age of the child, parents should choose the most suitable product.
4.9. Take your child to the doctor regularly
Taking children to regular check-ups will help the family control the child’s development, and at the same time find out unusual diseases so that they can have timely treatment. Parents should have their baby checked every 6 months.
5. 5 mistakes mothers need to avoid when caring for low-birth-weight children
In the process of taking care of their children, parents may unintentionally make some mistakes, making the treatment process for their children less effective and prolonged.
- Forcing children to eat: Forcing children to eat too much, and yelling to force them to eat will put a lot of pressure on the child’s nervous system. This will make the digestive system of the child less active, and difficult to absorb food. At the same time, children can also develop a fear of eating, making the situation of poor appetite and malnutrition worse.
- Unbalanced nutrients in children’s meals: An arbitrary meal, lack of calculation, excess of this substance, and lack of other substances will affect the development of the baby. Parents need to ensure that the meal consists of 4 main groups of protein, fat, carbohydrates as well as vegetables and fruits to have vitamins and minerals.
- Let your child eat unhealthy food: Do not give your child too much junk food, processed food, frozen food, etc. These products are not only low in nutrition but also harmful to the system. infant’s immature digestive system.
- Choose exercises and sports that are not suitable for your child’s physical condition: Do not let children practice sports too hard. Only allow children to practice in light and appropriate subjects such as swimming, cycling, etc. Should limit children’s exercise time to health and weather, so that children can exercise and rest appropriately.
- Arbitrarily giving your child medicine, without consulting a doctor: Do not self-treat or buy medicine for your child to take when you do not have enough expertise. On the contrary, if you notice any abnormal signs, quickly take the child to the hospital for examination and treatment instructions.
Above are some experiences to know when dealing with low birth weight and stunting children. Hopefully, parents will pay more attention to helping their children develop healthy, not inferior to their peers.