Natural development at the right age and cognition in each child is the physical and cognitive growth of each child. Development is growth in function and capacity. Both processes are highly dependent on genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors. As children develop physiologically and emotionally, it is helpful to identify based on certain age groups. To learn more about this topic, please follow our article below.
Natural development at the right age and awareness in each child
The natural development of the right age and awareness in each child is an important aspect of the child training process.
1. What is cognitive development for preschool children?
It can be roughly understood that cognitive development for preschool children is to focus on educating young children through three main areas, including scientific research, social exploration, and familiarization with Mathematics. Cognitive development for children should be done according to each specific route. This is an extremely important and urgent activity because closely following each stage of cognitive development for children right from preschool will be the foundation to best support the cognitive development of children. later. In addition to strengthening the body and orienting positive emotions for children, the formation and development of cognitive abilities is also a way for children to improve themselves, equipping them with the necessary skills to detect and solve problems. problem.
2. Objectives of cognitive development for preschool children
A child’s cognitive ability is all that a child can feel and think in areas of life such as cultural, natural, social, artistic, and many other aspects… On this basis, preschool education identifies 5 basic goals to help children develop awareness, which is:
- Arousing curiosity, love, and passion to explore all things and phenomena around.
- Directing children to self-discipline to learn, and find ways to solve simple problems in depth and in many directions.
- Help children know how to express their understanding and thoughts through gestures, words, and actions…
- Equip children with basic knowledge such as elementary concepts of Mathematics, and simple understandings of people or objects and phenomena around them.
These goals need to be done regularly so that children can develop cognitively methodically and proficiently. Preschools need to pay attention to children practicing lessons related to this issue so that they can bring high educational effectiveness.
3. Learn about the stages of cognitive development of children
According to researcher Piaget’s theory, children’s cognitive development usually goes through 4 stages, including:
Stage 1: Sensory movement
This stage takes place with children from birth to 2 years old. At this time, all their movements are mainly derived from basic stimuli. For example, when a child is attracted to a toy that is both strange and eye-catching, it will try to touch it and “enjoy” it with interest.
Stage 2: Pre-operation
It is the age for children from 2 to 7 years old. Marking this cognitive development milestone is the process of forming and expressing language more clearly.
Stage 3: Specific actions
When children are 7-11 years old, they begin to enter the stage of concrete manipulation and gradually make simple arguments about the world.
Stage 4: The “progress” phase
From the age of 12 and up, children begin to understand abstract concepts, know how to reason and logic together, and can even plan for themselves…
Compared with the following two stages, the first 2 stages have a great influence on the formation and cognitive development of children. And it is within the scope of early childhood education itself. Therefore, if you lay a solid foundation for children right from the moment they walk into life, they will be oriented in the right perception.
4. Maximum support for children’s cognitive development
Perception is assessed as an important psychological function for any child, the basis for them to perceive the world with their senses, reflected in actions, gestures, and language that take place every day. In addition, adult education and guidance, including preschool, also have a strong impact on children’s cognitive development.
At each different stage, the baby’s view of the world will be different. Therefore, the preschool should understand the characteristics of each stage of the child’s development to have the most appropriate adjustment and educational measures, helping to fully and comprehensively support the child.
It can be said that cognitive development for preschool children is an essential issue for the comprehensive development of children. Understanding the great significance of this factor, Vietnam is increasingly interested in expanding and strongly developing in the future.