The winter days are passing, and we are preparing to enter the spring weather with rapid changes, day and night temperature differences, and high humidity… are conditions for spring diseases to develop. Here are some spring diseases and ways to prevent them that you need to know to keep yourself and your family healthy.
Spring is the season when all things multiply, and hundreds of flowers bloom, so it is easy to suffer from allergic diseases such as urticaria, skin acne, allergic rhinitis, and conjunctivitis.
Appears red, itchy, hot areas at the dry skin areas on the extremities. The cause of the disease is due to the body’s exposure to certain allergens plus erratic hot and cold weather.
2. Allergic rhinitis:
In the spring, the cold, wet, drizzly air… and a lot of pollen dispersed in the air are the ‘nightmare’ of people with allergies. When accidentally inhaled, pollen causes an itchy nose, constant sneezing, runny nose, and uncomfortable stuffy nose.
To prevent disease, it is necessary to try to avoid contact with pathogens such as wearing a mask when going out or working in a polluted environment and keeping the body warm, especially the face and neck area; cleaning the nose regularly; Avoiding going to flower gardens and avoid using foods or drugs that have ever caused allergies.
Due to the cold and humid weather, spring is also the season of strong outbreaks of respiratory diseases, especially in young children. The most common is bronchial asthma. The erratic change of weather makes the body’s immune function low, and the resistance against pathogenic bacteria also decreases.
For people with atopic allergies, after being exposed to allergens such as pollen, dust, mold, insects, etc., the trachea will contract, creating asthma attacks that cause difficulty breathing, face Blue nose, if severe, can cause respiratory failure. To prevent these unpleasant asthma attacks, we need to protect ourselves against allergens, use an active mask, take vitamin C supplements and always carry a tracheal inhaler.
Next is pneumonia. The disease is common in the spring due to bacteria invading the respiratory system. People with pneumonia often have symptoms such as high fever, cough, and rapid breathing… If they have the above symptoms, it is necessary to take the patient to a medical facility for timely examination and treatment with antibiotics.
Acute bronchitis is also a common disease in the spring. The disease is usually caused by influenza viruses. Symptoms of the disease are sneezing, runny nose, cough, fever, body aches, fatigue, and severe can lead to chest pain, and difficulty breathing. To prevent it, it is necessary to keep the body warm, eat a lot of fruits to improve the body, and drink a lot of water. When sick, must be treated promptly, taking the medicine in full dosage according to the instructions of the doctor.
The disease can occur all year round but is highest in spring in people with atopic allergies. The reason is that in spring, pollen spreads quite a lot in the air causing itchy nose, sneezing, constant runny nose, and very uncomfortable stuffy nose.
People with allergies should avoid going to places where many flowers are grown, not arrange flowers in the room, and use a mask when going out. When inhaling pollen, nasal drops from sterile saline can first be used to clear the pollen. After that, you need to see a doctor to be prescribed the right medication.
Headache is the first sign of many dangerous diseases in spring
Meningococcal meningitis is a purulent inflammation caused by a gram-negative bacterium (Neisseria meningitidis), which is highly contagious. In winter-spring every year, meningitis can be considered an acute infection with the highest probability of arising. Children, the elderly, and the public are the most susceptible to this disease.
Gram-negative bacteria first enter the respiratory tract. People with this illness have flu-like symptoms for the first day, such as fever, mild cough, and stuffy nose. By days 2, and 3, bacteria very quickly enter the blood system, destroying the body’s blood cells and causing blood infection. People with this disease often have the following symptoms: high fever, cold shivering, pale face, unexcited spirit, and rash on the body.
Pathogenic bacteria can also pass through the Blood-brain barrier (BBB) – blood-brain barrier (membrane structure of the brain capillary system, and spinal cord), and penetrate the brain tissue, leading to meningitis. People with the disease will have severe headaches, vomiting, and even convulsions.
Meningitis can especially affect the central nervous system. If not treated promptly, it can lead to circulatory and respiratory system failure and death. The probability of dying from this disease reaches about 10%. If the sick person suddenly develops a fever accompanied by severe headache and vomiting, it is necessary not to use headache medicines to relieve pain, but to immediately go to the hospital for medical examination and diagnosis.