What is independence in children? Self-reliance is one of the important qualities in human personality. Self-reliance will help people to be proactive, easy to adapt and integrate with practical situations and have more chances to succeed in life. Therefore, the practice of independence from a young age is extremely necessary to help children be confident and responsible for themselves. To learn more about what independence in children is and how to practice independence in preschool children, let’s read today’s article with Brighton.
What is independence in children?
Currently, the concept of children’s independence is still quite vague for some parents. Especially in Vietnam, grandparents and some parents do not intend for children to be independent under the age of 12 and is this not loving the child? Many people think that if they want to be independent, when they grow up, children will know how to be independent, young children do not need to be independent because grandparents and parents have the responsibility to take care of children.
According to Psychology: Self-reliance is a quality in the most ways that appears in the initiative, criticism, self-assessment respectively and in the emotional expression of the individual’s responsibility for activities and actions. his motion.
According to I.S.Kon: Self-reliance is a quality in personality that demonstrates the ability to make and implement decisions without external reminders, to show responsibility and be ready to take responsibility for behavior. self, believing that his or her behavior is correct and socially meaningful.
Although there are different expressions, in the concept of researchers, they all have the same connotation when assessing independence:
- Is a psychological quality of personality, manifested in the individual’s needs in activities;
- Is the ability of an individual (to make decisions on his own, to carry out activities on his own, not to rely on, depend on others;)
- Take responsibility for your own behavior and control your own activities with your own efforts to complete the task.
From the above points of view, we can make general conclusions about the concept of independence as follows: Self-reliance is a personality quality, reflected in the individual’s ability to make decisions and be independent. implement the chosen decision without depending, rely on others to depend on others, always try to make efforts and take responsibility for their own activities to accomplish the set goals.
Preschool children’s independence is a psychological quality that is expressed through the ability to make choices, do things on their own, and perform tasks on their own according to the child’s individual decisions or assigned tasks with the help of children. own efforts to achieve the set goals.
Children cannot be independent and learn to be independent when loved too much
Young children cannot be independent and learn to be independent when they are loved too much, which is the situation of many families in Vietnam. Perhaps this is the “traditional of protection” born of the love of family members for a child, which is especially evident in families with few children.
Our love is not to let children do anything by themselves, including their own personal affairs from eating, sleeping, playing, personal hygiene,… everything of the child is controlled by adults. Too much intervention causes the child to become dependent and thereby breeds fuss. Therefore, if you love your children, let them learn to be independent from a young age.
What is the role of independence in a child’s personality development?
Independence plays an important role in children’s personality development and independence helps children develop physically: Independence helps children feel confident, proactive, and actively participate in daily activities. , enhance coordination of hand, foot and whole body movements, etc. When children are confident, actively participate in activities and move more, it will help children’s mood to be comfortable, happy and excited from the start. That improves mental health.
Second, independence helps children develop psychological expressions: Children’s independence will help children to think and think for themselves to know how to choose how to do, manipulate, … in the process of doing things. performing tasks such as dressing themselves, wearing shoes themselves, etc. This will improve children’s understanding, help them train their memory, thinking, imagination, etc.
Third, independence contributes to enriching children’s emotions and feelings. When children are independent in their activities, it means that children can do and act on their own according to their needs, preferences and decisions. This makes children feel proud, proud to assert themselves with others, forming good emotional feelings for children in activities.
Fourth, developing independence contributes to language development for children: When independence develops, children know how to express their needs, interests, etc. through gestures, words and actions through activities. daily.
Fifth, independence is closely associated with children’s will and efforts. When children can do simple tasks such as dressing, wearing shoes, etc., they will be proud and proud of themselves. This will encourage children to try harder in the next activities.
Sixth, independence helps children to be able to adapt and integrate better: When children are independent, they will easily adapt to changing conditions and circumstances, etc., children will not have difficulty in daily activities. , do not depend on others but can do it yourself.
In short, independence is an extremely important quality in the process of developing and perfecting the personality of people in general and preschool children in particular. The preschool period is a good development age, a premise for physical, cognitive, language, emotional and relational development to prepare the best conditions for the next stage.
The formation and development of independence of preschool children
Scientists have shown that children’s independence is not born, but is formed and developed in each stage.
Right from birth, children have needs such as eating, drinking and movement needs such as crawling, walking,… the need to operate with objects such as picking up toys, playing alone, etc. In this regard, the child’s independence is purely in simple actions to satisfy individual needs and lackluster expression, but it is also a condition that promotes the development of children’s independence later on:
From 1 to 2 years old, children’s expression of independence is more obvious. Children like to be active with objects, know how to manipulate and act with objects such as playing with toys, taking and storing utensils, etc. Children know how to hold a cup to drink water, eat by themselves, pick up their own shoes, etc. …On the other hand, when children are satisfied with their needs or accomplish something and are praised by adults, children have begun to know how to express emotions such as excitement, joy, etc.
From 2 to 3 years old, children’s independence is developed and expressed more clearly than in the previous period. Children need to play with toys, know how to play with friends, know how to take and store toys by themselves according to regulations. Children have independent behaviors in labor and self-service such as eating, drinking, etc., imitating simple actions of adults such as combing their own hair, choosing clothes, etc. more proficient than the previous stage, but not skillful, depending on the conditions and guidance of adults. When the need for activity is satisfied, children show interest and joy.
From the age of 3, children’s independence is more evident as the child not only imitates the actions of adults but also loves to do it himself, expressed through the words “I can do it myself”, “let me do it myself”. at this time, the child’s actions and actions are still clumsy and the child does not understand why he acts like that, but he has made fundamental changes in his behavior, moving from spontaneous behavior to behavior. social vi. It is the process of forming the motivation of the behavior, which is a good basis for the next stage.
From the age of 4 and up, children’s actions and actions in daily activities become more creative. At this time, the role of adults has decreased, children are more active. The initiative is also evident in play activities, children choose the topic and content to play, choose their playmates and freely participate in the games they like. Children like to experience all activities from home to outside of society by themselves, know how to distinguish themselves from others, and compare. Children care and pay attention to what people say about themselves. Therefore, from this stage, adults need to pay attention to make correct comments and assessments according to children’s abilities, helping children to be more active and make more efforts in activities.
Some measures to practice independence for preschool children
Measure 1: Develop an educational plan to practice the necessary skills for children
Training the necessary skills for children from the very beginning is extremely important, forming basic skills in learning and living is playing a decisive role in the process of forming and developing personality later. This is for kids. Skills that need to be trained for children from the very beginning include:
- Self-service skills: Including activities such as picking up toys, undressing and dressing, washing your face, washing hands, putting on slippers, taking and storing personal belongings, etc.
- Hygiene skills: Including the following basic activities; change clothes when feeling dirty, rinse your mouth with water after eating, wipe water on the floor, wipe dust on the table, flush after using the toilet, go to the toilet in the prescribed place, wash your hands with soap first when eating and when hands are dirty,…
- Skills to support others: Take and store school supplies, prepare dining tables, beds, glasses of water when asked, carry extras, etc.
Identifying these skills will help children understand the meaning of their actions and work and help them become more aware of each action.
Measure 2: Survey children’s ability to be independent
From the first days of school, teachers should conduct surveys of children according to the skills necessary to properly educate children on independence. From the survey results, teachers will guide children to do specific actions.
Measure 3: Create an educational environment for children
It can be said that the educational environment has a great influence on children’s educational outcomes, creating opportunities for children to choose appropriate activities and encouraging children to actively participate in revealing their abilities, thereby forming and personality development for children. The classroom environment includes activity corners and learning materials to help children acquire knowledge and skills. The environment outside the classroom such as natural corners, trees, … for children to form social-emotional and physical development.
Measure 4: Train your child to do self-help tasks
Doing things that they like by themselves will make children feel excited and motivated to complete the assigned tasks. Therefore, in the process of activities, teachers should work together with children in combination with teaching, explaining to children how to sign do and how to do it, then gradually let children do it themselves.
Measure 5: Propagate and coordinate with parents to educate children on independence.
To successfully educate children on independence, it is necessary to cooperate between the school and parents. Therefore, teachers should propagate to parents to understand what it means for children to be independent and do things within their ability and parents should only be guides, not doing everything for children. Propaganda with parents in the education of independence for children should have consistency in content, methods and organization.